• KGCI

Projects

Gramin or Shahri Vikas Sansthan

  • Roller Flour mill serve the purpose of processing wheat to convert it into flour. The plant will have facility to produce, maida, suzi, atta and bran. These products will be sold as per the guidance issued for Food and Civil Supplies Department of the concerned state. Thus milling is an imperative physical function involved in converting wheat into its milled products that is separating the wheat grain into its constituents (bran, germ and endosperm)
  • Wheat grains are the seed of the wheat plant, which is able to grow in kinds of soil and under widely differing climatic conditions. The principle wheat of commerce belong to the botanical groups Triticum vulgane, Triticum drum and triticum compactum. A grain of wheat is avoided in shape and it bears at one end a number of short fine Grains.
  • The grains of wheat consists of three main parts the enveloping skins, the embryo and the endosperm. The relative proportions of these parts vary with the plumpness of the grain but the average composition of wheat is 83% endosperm2.5% embryo and 14.5% enveloping skins. The enveloping skins are pericarp consists of the epidermis, epicarp and endocarp. The pericarp represents about 6% of the grain.
  • The seed coat consist of the testa, the hyaline layer which comprises about 2% of the grain. The aleurone layer representing about 6.5% of the grain wheat show a wide range of analytical data which is not unexpected in view of the many varieties which are grown and the very different conditions under which they are cultivated.
  • Flourmill consists of following machineries as blender, sieves, breaks rolls, smooth steel reduction, rolls aspirators, conveyors water washers etc. The RFM industry is basically agro-based processing industry engaged in the manufacture of products based on wheat, namely maida, sooji, atta and bran. In some states, under special arrangements RFM units produce whole meal atta to meet the requirements of various distribution programmes.
  • Apart from direct consumption by general consumers, maida and sooji produced .its manufacturing bread, biscuit and bakery products all over the country. Besides this the resultant wheat bran serves as the poultry feed.

MARKET POTENTIAL

Whole wheat flour is used in making Chapaties, Puries, Parotha and other roasted cereal based products. Wheat flour or Maida is a basic raw material for making Bread, Biscuits Cakes and other bakery products. Sooji / Rava is used in many sweetmeat products. Bran separated on milling is used as cattle feed. The products sold under brand names are very few. The concept for branded cereal flour products is now increasing. The big giants like Hindustan Lever, NEPC Agro, Nirma etc. have jumped in to this lucrative industry

BASIS AND PRESUMPTIONS:

  • It is presumed that the unit will run three shift per day and 300 working days per .
  • The following extraction rates are presumed Maida Sooji
  • Extraction rates are only suggested. Miller can change according to demand, Wheat quality & climatic conditions
  • Different varieties of wheat may be blended for producing desired end product.
  • The rate of interest has been taken 14% on an average both for fixed investment and working capital
  • The rates quoted in respect of Machinery/equipment raw materials are those prevailing at the time of preparation of report and are likely to vary from place to place and supplier to supplier and necessary changes are to be made as and when required.

TECHNICAL ASPECTS :


  • Production Details & Process of Manufacture: Wheat is first cleaned thoroughly to remove dust, stone and other foreign matters clean wheat is tempered before grinding by treating with water so that the bran is separated from the endosperm. The tempered wheat is crushed between corrugated rollers (Break rolls). The first break rolls are set relatively far apart to grind the wheat lightly, while successive break yield finer and finer products. The first break is separated by sieving or bolting in to very fine particles (flour), intermediate particles (middlings) and coarse particles (stock). The stock is then sent to second break rolls. This process may continue through 5 to 6 breaks. The stock contains pieces of endosperm and bran and the stock from the last break is principally bran. The middlings contain endosperm, bran and germ which are then successively classified and some of the bran removed are sent to reduction rollers. These are smooth rollers, but like the break rolls they are graduated so that successive reduction becomes finer and finer. After each reduction, sifters separate the flour, middling and stock, this process is continued until most of the endosperm has been removed as flour and most of the bran has been separated in the sifters.
  • Power requirement of the unit is 300 HP.
  • There are no pollution problems for unit except dust which may damage the plant and machinery and adversely affect the health of workers also, for this cyclones may be used to separate dust
  • The Miller should be made aware about the energy requirement of the milling system and for this selection of motors should be proper.